Among the causes of paralysis of the facial nerve, the following are most often noted:
- an infection that in most cases causes reversible paralysis of the facial nerve;
- a condition that occurs as a result of a tumor or its removal
Facial paresis causes a lot of suffering and is a disabling condition. The patient is bothered by specific symptoms: drooping eyelids, one eye is constantly closed. It is worth noting that paralysis of the right side of the face occurs somewhat more often.
Treatment of any facial nerve paralysis at home is not carried out. It is worth noting that neuritis has an infectious nature, when the infection penetrates the channel of the facial nerve. It is very narrow, so any inflammation of the facial area can cause this disease. The most dangerous neuritis of the facial nerve, provoked by a tumor. But neuropathy of the facial nerve is called sensitivity disorder, pain sensations in the area where the facial nerve is located.
Indications and contraindications for the treatment of paresis of the facial nerve
Only the doctor determines the indications and contraindications for the treatment of facial nerve paresis. The only way out, when conservative methods have exhausted themselves, is surgical treatment of facial nerve paresis. The state after injuries, tumor removal in most cases leads the patient to the operating table.
As for contraindications, they are the same as for all surgical interventions, most of them are relative, that is, the operation can be done later.
What will happen if facial nerve palsy is not treated?
Treatment at home, self-medication only complicates the consequences of facial nerve paresis. The body has the ability to recover, but about 10-15% of the condition that existed before the disease, from the initial functions of the facial muscles. If the paresis of the facial nerve is not treated, ptosis (drooping of the eyelid), drooling, dryness of the cornea, etc. may remain. It is even possible to completely lose all movements on one side of the face.
To avoid unwanted consequences of the disease, make an appointment with a neurologist as soon as possible. We are waiting for you in our clinic!
The result of treatment of paresis of the facial nerve
The result of the treatment of facial nerve paresis is the restoration of the smile, facial symmetry, correction of the eyelids. Usually, not all movements can be restored, but depending on the age and type of damage, a technique is selected that will improve the tone of the facial muscles. It is possible to transplant adipose tissue to the facial area, for example, from the femoral area, if muscle atrophy has occurred.