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Treatment of snoring and sleep apnea syndrome

Treatment of snoring and sleep apnea syndrome

Snoring is an acoustical phenomenon that is formed when the walls of the upper respiratory tract vibrate during sleep. Snoring is, unfortunately, not only a sound that prevents the patient’s relatives from sleeping. Approximately 70% of patients with snoring experience respiratory arrest during sleep, associated with a complete collapse of the walls of the pharynx.

The service is available in branches:
  • Odessa, Sudnobudivna, 1B
  • Odessa, Bunina, 10
  • Kyiv, Kostiantynivska, 57
Treatment of snoring and sleep apnea syndrome

Why it happens?

The fact is that the pharynx is the part of the respiratory tract between the nasal cavity on the one hand and the trachea on the other. It has no strong skeleton, bone or cartilage. It is a soft muscle tube.

In accordance with the laws of physics, the inhaling process creates negative pressure in the airways and forces arise that tend to cause the walls of this tube to collapse. And the smaller its diameter, the greater are these forces. When a person is awake, his muscles are in good shape and the pharynx is a more or less rigid structure. When he falls asleep, the whole musculature relaxes, and the walls of the pharynx begin to vibrate when breathing.

However, snoring does not appear in all people. It occurs only when there are certain reasons that reduce the lumen of the pharynx. Those may include:

  • Nasal polyposis
  • Adenoids
  • Enlarged palatine tonsils
  • Enlarged soft palate and palatal arches
  • Enlarged tongue root
  • Deformation of epiglottis cartilage

In addition, snoring can be caused by:

  • Fat deposits in the neck area in overweight patients
  • Taking alcohol
  • Taking sleeping pills and sedatives

What is the danger of snoring?

Snoring is, unfortunately, not only a sound that prevents the patient’s relatives from sleeping. Approximately 70% of patients with snoring experience respiratory arrest during sleep, associated with a complete collapse of the walls of the pharynx. Such a stop lasts no more than 1 minute, but during it the body is in a state of acute hypoxia (lack of oxygen) the heart rate increases sharply and there is a “jump” in blood pressure. The number of respiratory stops can range from 1-2 to 40-50 in one hour, and their consequences can be unsafe for health and even life.

Diagnostics

During examination of patients with snoring problem at clinic Virtus, an endoscopic examination of all parts of the upper respiratory tract – the nasal cavity, nasopharynx, oropharynx and larynx is a mandatory procedure. Another instrumental examination is Rhinomanometry is performed to detect the patency of the upper respiratory tract. This is a helpful way to identify the cause of snoring, the severity of the condition and determine the method and tactics of treatment.

Treatment

A huge variety of causes of snoring involves an individual approach in the selection of treatment.

The arsenal of therapeutic methods is quite large and it ranges from organizational arrangements (refusal to take alcohol in the evening, diet) and physiotherapy procedures (electrostimulation of the muscles of the pharynx and neck) to surgical treatment (endoscopic removal of polyps, adenoids, plastic of the uvula and soft palate, laser removal of palatine and lingual tonsils).

The most common operation in the treatment of snoring is plastic surgery of the uvula and soft palate (uvulopalatoplasty). It is performed under general anesthesia. The main point of the operation is that the surgeon removes excess tissues of the soft palate and lateral pharyngeal rollers. This allows to increase the diameter of the pharyngeal lumen. If necessary, special incisions are made on the soft palate with a laser or an electrosurgical scalpel. As a result, the soft palate becomes denser and does not swell out when inhaled.

One of the most modern technologies for the treatment of snoring (Pillar procedure) is that special implants are injected into the soft palate, which strengthen it and prevent it from vibrating.

Pylypiuk Dmitry Nikolaevich

Pylypiuk Dmitry Nikolaevich

Otorhinolaryngologist, ENT-surgeon
Work experience (years): 13
Patients are welcome at the following office address: Odessa, Sudnobudivna, 1B; Kyiv, Kostiantynivska, 57
Piontkovskaya Marina Borisovna

Piontkovskaya Marina Borisovna

Otorhinolaryngologist, ENT-surgeon
Work experience (years): 39
Patients are welcome at the following office address: Odessa, Sudnobudivna, 1B
Tsepkolenkо Аlexandra Vladimirovna

Tsepkolenkо Аlexandra Vladimirovna

Otorhinolaryngologist, ENT-surgeon
Work experience (years): 7
Patients are welcome at the following office address: Odessa, Sudnobudivna, 1B
Bobrov Andrey Leonidovich

Bobrov Andrey Leonidovich

Otorhinolaryngologist, ENT-surgeon
Work experience (years): 18
Patients are welcome at the following office address: Odessa, Sudnobudivna, 1B
Daiub Ali Akhmedovych

Daiub Ali Akhmedovych

Otorhinolaryngologist, ENT-surgeon, surdologist
Work experience (years): 7
Patients are welcome at the following office address: Odessa, Sudnobudivna, 1B
Service or type of diagnostics Odessa
Sudnobudivna, 1B
Odessa
Kyiv
Kostiantynivska, 57
Service or type of diagnostics
  • Odessa, Sudnobudivna, 1B
  • Odessa,
  • Kyiv, Kostiantynivska, 57
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Otolaryngology
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