Ear is a wonderful organ of the human body, allowing us to hear all the vast variety of the world sounds around us. However sometimes sounds become less audible and we feel discomfort and even painful sensation in the area of ears. One of the most frequent reasons is the otitis media.
Otitis media represents inflammatory disease of mucous membrane inside the cavity of the middle ear. The reason of such condition is the obstruction of so called Eustachian tube – narrow channel connecting middle ear and nasal cavities.
In its normal state, Eustachian tube performs draining function, clearing mucus from middle ear into nasal cavity thus equalizing atmospheric pressure in the middle ear.
Eustachian tube patency can be obstructed:
- in cases of any space-occupying processes such as adenoid, polyp, new growths.
- As well as any inflammatory diseases (acute and chronic) of nasal mucousa.
Experienced ENT doctors at Clinic Virtus will help you to determine real cause of the decreased hearing and find out the optimal treatment mechanisms.
Patients with impaired hearing at our clinic always have ear and nose endoscopic examination.
Besides they are recommended to take such examinations as audiometry and impedancemetry.
Audiometry exam demonstrates the degree of decreased hearing at certain frequencies. This method is not very suitable for children younger than 8-9 y.o. During the test procedure the patient himself/herself signals to the researcher, when the sound in the earphones becomes audible. Small children may just not be enough attentive or simply misunderstand the requirements.
Impedancemetry is a measurement of tympanic membrane compliance. The method is absolutely objective and does not depend on the child’s reaction. It helps to determine for sure if there is fluid behind tympanic membrane or not.
There are 3 tasks that physician needs to complete in the course of middle ear treatment:
- Repair the drainage through eustachian tube
- Infection treatment
- Reconstruct the integrity of the tympanic membrane (after perforation).
These tasks are resolved based on every particular case either by means of medications or surgical treatment! Appropriate treatment protocol can be accepted only during personal consultation with a specialist. This is the chance to demonstrate true life wisdom and not to be enticed with the diagnosis and treatment plan suggested at the pharmacy.